Summer is here, which means longer days and dangerous weather conditions. The National institute for Occupational Safety and Health report heat stroke is the most serious heat-related disorder and occurs during summer months.
Heat Stroke occurs when the body no longer sweats and body temperature reaches dangerous levels. Symptoms include high body temperature, strong rapid pulse, chills, confusing, slurred speech and dry hot reddish skin.
Heat Exhaustion is body’s response to the loss of water and salt from sweating. Symptoms including excessive sweating, weakness, fatigue, dizziness and/or confusion, clammy skin, muscle cramps, and flushed complexion.
Heat Cramps are painful cramps in the body’s muscles, usually in the abdomen, arm and/or legs due to low salt levels typically caused by excessive sweating.
Heat Rash is an irradiation of the skim causes by excessive sweating, symptoms include red clusters of pimples or small blisters usually on neck, upper chest, groin area, under breasts and in elbow creases.
Here are 10 ways to stay healthy in hot weather:
1. Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of fluids; drink about 16 ounces before starting and 5 to 7 ounces every 15 or 20 minutes.
2. Avoid dehydrating liquids. Alcohol, coffee, tea and caffeinated soft drinks can hurt more than help.
3. Wear protective clothing. Lightweight, light-colored and loose-fitting clothing helps protect against heat.
4. Pace yourself. Slow down and work/play at an even pace.
5. Schedule frequent breaks. Take time for rest periods and water breaks in a shaded or air conditioned area.
6. Use a damp rag. Wipe your face or put it around your neck.
7. Avoid getting sunburn. Use sunscreen and wear a hat if working outside.
8. Be alert to signs of heat-related illness. Know what to look for and check on each other.
9. Avoid direct sun. Find shade or block out the sun if possible.
10. Eat smaller meals. Eat fruits high in fiber and natural juice. Avoid high protein foods